Frequently Asked Questions

Get answer of your queries related to health of liver, fatty liver Diseases, Cirhosis & Symptoms

Basics Of Liver

Is liver found in all living organisms?

No, it is only found in vertebrates.

How liver helps in digestion?

The liver is an accessory digestive gland that produces bile, an alkaline compound which helps the breakdown of fat. Bile aids in digestion via the emulsification of lipids.

Is there any other role of liver, other than digestion?

Yes, ithas many important functions including detoxification of various metabolites, and synthesis of proteins.

How many functions does liver play in human body?

Estimates regarding the organs total number of functions vary, but textbooks generally cite it being around 500.

Why specialist of liver are called hepatologists

Terminology related to the liver often starts in hepat, the Greek word for liver. Same is the reson to call liver specialist as hepatologist.

Can a diseased liver be replaced with an artificial liver?

Artificial livers are yet to be developed to promote long-term replacement in the absence of the liver.

What is Liver Dialysis?

Liver dialysis is a detoxification treatment for liver failure and has shown promise for patients with hepatorenal syndrome. It is similar to hemodialysis and based on the same principles.

Describe human liver?

The liver is a reddish-brown, wedge-shaped organ with four lobes of unequal size and shape. A human liver normally weighs approximately 1.5 kg, and has a width of about 15 cm (6 in). It is both the heaviest internal organ and the largest gland in the human body.

How blood supply of liver is different from rest of the organs of the human body?

The liver receives a dual blood supply from the hepatic portal vein and hepatic arteries. The hepatic portal vein delivers around 75% of the livers blood supply, and carries venous blood drained from the spleen, gastrointestinal tract, and its associated organs. The hepatic arteries supply arterial blood to the liver, accounting for the remaining quarter of its blood flow. Oxygen is provided from both sources; about half of the livers oxygen demand is met by the hepatic portal vein, and half is met by the hepatic arteries


What is cirrhosis of liver?

Cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver does not function properly due to long-term damage. This damage is characterized by the replacement of normal liver tissue by scar tissue. Typically, the disease develops slowly over months or years.

Fatty Liver

What is fatty liver?

Fatty Liver is a condition where excess fat builds up in the liver.

What causes fatty liver?

Fatty liver (FL) is commonly associated with metabolic syndrome (diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and dyslipidemia), but can also be due to many other reasons.

Hepatitis A

What is hepatitis A?

Hepatitis A is an infectious disease of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). It is usually spread by eating food or drinking water contaminated with infected feces.

Is hepatitis A vaccine effective for prevention?

The hepatitis A vaccine is effective for prevention. Some countries recommend it routinely for children and those at higher risk who have not previously been vaccinated. It appears to be effective for life.

How can I get Hepatitis A?

Youre most likely to get hepatitis A from contaminated food or water or from close contact with a person or object thats infected. Mild cases of hepatitis A dont require treatment. Most people who are infected recover completely with no permanent liver damage.

How can I prevent myself from hepatitis A infection?

Practicing good hygiene, including washing hands frequently, is one of the best ways to protect against hepatitis A. Vaccines are available for people most at risk.

How can I know about Hepatitis A by sign and symptoms?

Hepatitis A signs and symptoms typically dont appear until youve had the virus for a few weeks. Every one doesn’t have the typical signs and symptoms. So need to consult a doctor.

What are the means of spread of Hepatitis A Virus ?

The virus most commonly spreads when you eat or drink something contaminated with fecal matter, even just tiny amounts. It does not spread through sneezing or coughing.

How dangerous is Hepatitis A?

Unlike other types of viral hepatitis, hepatitis A does not cause long-term liver damage, and it doesnt become chronic. In rare cases, hepatitis A can cause a sudden loss of liver function.

Hepatic Encephalopathy

What is hepatic encephalopathy?

Hepatic encephalopathy is caused by an accumulation of toxins in the bloodstream that are normally removed by the liver. This condition can result in coma and can prove fatal.


What is jaundice?

Jaundice, also known as (yarqan or peelia), is a yellowish or greenish pigmentation of the skin and whites of the eyes due to high bilirubin levels.

In addition to yellowish skin, what are other signs of jaundice?

It is commonly associated with itchiness. The feces may be pale and the urine dark.

What is the normal level of bilirubin?

Levels of bilirubin in blood are normally below 1.0 mg/dL (17 µmol/L) and levels over 2–3 mg/dL (34-51 µmol/L) typically results in jaundice.

Are there any further types of bilirubin?

Yes, high bilirubin is divided into two types: unconjugated (indirect) and conjugated (direct).

Is jaundice the only reason of yellowish skin?

No, few other conditions can also cause yellowish skin but are not jaundice include carotenemia from eating large amounts of certain foods and medications like rifampin.

What is the treatment of jaundice?

There are varying causes of jaundice and treatment varies with the cause of jaundice.

How damaging is neonatal jaundice?

Neonatal jaundice is usually harmless: this condition is often seen in infants around the second day after birth, lasting until day 8 in normal births, or to around day 14 in premature births.

What is the reason of neonatal jaundice?

Causes for neonatal jaundice include normal physiologic jaundice, jaundice due to formula supplementation, and some blood diseases.

How parents can contribute to lower bilirubin in neonatal jaundice?

Bilirubin count is lowered through bowel movements and urination, so frequent and effective feedings are especially important.

How serious disease is juandice?

Jaundice itself is not a disease, but rather a sign of one of many possible underlying pathological processes that occur at some point along the normal physiological pathway of the metabolism of bilirubin in blood.

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